AppyTherapy

Practical OT Activities for Home – Part 3

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Occupational therapists often work with children to remediate visual motor skills. These are foundational skills that integrate visual perception and motor coordination. When these skills are effectively working together, children can participate in daily activities such as cutting, coloring, writing, tying shoelaces, catching, or kicking effectively.

Visual perception is the ability to perceive, differentiate, and interpret visual information (what is seen through our eyes). Visual perception includes 5 areas: visual discrimination, spatial relationships, visual memory, figure-ground, and visual closure.

The following are activities for home practice for these 5 areas of visual perception, as well as for home practice of visual motor integration.

VISUAL DISCRIMINATION

What Is It?
Visual discrimination is the ability to distinguish between features in different objects. It is the process by which we can tell that objects are different in shape, size, color, etc.

Strategies to Help

Activities to Try

SPATIAL RELATIONS

What Is It?
Understanding spatial relations allows a child to know where two or more objects are in relation to each other and to themselves.

Strategies to Help

Activities to Try

VISUAL MEMORY

What Is It?
Visual memory is the ability to recall visual information. This is an important skill when learning to write, as children need to be able to recall what letters look like in order to start writing them.

Strategies to Help

Activities to Try

FIGURE GROUND

What Is It?
Figure ground is a visual perceptual skill that allows us to focus on an object/stimulus against a busy background. Figure ground perception can help a child to find things in a messy drawer, cupboard, or toy box.

Strategies to Help

Activities to Try

VISUAL CLOSURE

What Is It?
Visual closure is the ability to complete a picture from memory, when given only a part of it. Visual closure is dependent on having good visual memory.

Strategies to Help

Activities to Try

VISUAL MOTOR INTEGRATION

What Is It?
Visual motor integration is the ability to use our eyes and hands effectively; it is the ability to integrate both our visual systems and our motor systems to help with our daily activities. In school, children use visual motor integration skills for tasks such as copying, drawing, or writing.

Strategies to Help

Activities to Try

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